[JavaScript] Object & Array Destructuring

[JavaScript] Object & Array Destructuring


In this article, we will be learning about object and array destructuring, which makes your code more readable and organized. Object & Array destructuring help you to avoid writing a long code to do a simple job.

For example:

// Printing first two elements in an array
let arr = [10, 20, 30, 40, 50];
for (let i = 0; i < 2; i++) {
// =======================================
// Array Destructuring
let a, b;
[a, b] = arr;
console.log(a); // 10
console.log(b); // 20

It's called destructuring because you are distributing the data in an array/object and assign the elements to other variables.

With an array destructuring, you can declare a variable and store the data. This is also a benefit of destructuring because it allows you to store a specific value in a variable and you can use it later. If you are working with a team, more readable and organized code would be great.

Array Destructuring

let arr = [10, 20, 30, 40, 50];
let a, b, rest;
[a, b, ...rest] = arr
console.log(a); // 10
console.log(b); // 20
console.log(rest); // [30, 40, 50]

Variable a and b stores the first two elements of the array, and the rest is assigned to the rest variable.

You might get a syntax error if there is a comma at the end:

let arr = [10, 20, 30, 40, 50];
let a, b, rest;
[a, b, ...rest,] = arr // SyntaxError: rest element may not have a trailing comma

Object Destructuring

Object destructuring is the same as an array. Let's just have a look at the example.

Object destructuring:

let person = {
    name: "John Doe",
    email: "john@gmail.com",
    gender: "male"
let {name, email, gender} = person;
console.log(name); // John Doe
console.log(email); // john@gmail.com
console.log(gender); // male


Reference: https://developer.mozilla.org/ko/docs/Web/JavaScript/Reference/Operators/Destructuring_assignment

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